Wisdom teeth usually begin to come in between the ages of 17 and 25. Dental specialists call these teeth third molars. They may become impacted because there's not enough room in your mouth for them. A wisdom tooth also might be trying to come in sideways. Or, it might be tilted in your jaw. Impacted wisdom teeth are more inclined to disease, tooth decay, and other dental problems.
Pain or swelling around the jaw
Red, tender or bleeding gums
An unpleasant grace in the mouth
Swelling of the gum in the back of the mouth
Difficulty in opening the jaw
A bad taste in the mouth
Pain when chewing or biting
Causes of an Impacted Wisdom Tooth:
Usually wisdom teeth become impacted if anyone’s jaw doesn’t have enough space for the teeth. Sometimes, the tooth grows in at the wrong angle, which can cause it to become impacted.
Complications of Impacted Wisdom Teeth:
Trouble in flossing teeth
Harm to other teeth
Crowding of nearby teeth
In view of these complications, some dental specialists will suggest surgery for impacted wisdom teeth, regardless of whether they don't cause indications.
X-Rays Reveal Types of Wisdom Teeth Impaction:
1. Full-Bony Impacted: This type of wisdom tooth removal is the most difficult as the wisdom tooth is completely stuck in the jaw of a person.
2. Partial-Bony Impacted: This wisdom tooth removal involves extracting a tooth that is partly stuck in the jaw of a person.
3. Soft-Tissue Impacted: This type of wisdom tooth removal is less complicated as the tooth is just stuck under the gum of a person.
4. Erupted: This type of wisdom tooth removal is the simplest as the tooth has already appeared in the mouth of a person.
Why wisdom teeth should be removed?
Impacted wisdom teeth which can lead to:
Tooth decay (dental caries)
Gum disease (also known as gingivitis or periodontal disease)
Pericoronitis – when plaque causes a contamination of the delicate tissue that encompasses the tooth
Cellulitis – a bacterial contamination in the cheek, tongue or throat
Ulcer – a gathering of discharge in the wisdom teeth or the encompassing tissue because of a bacterial contamination.
Cyst – very rarely, a wisdom tooth can also develop a cyst (a fluid-filled swelling).
Diagnosis of an Impacted Wisdom Tooth:
A dentist can tell if anyone’s wisdom teeth are impacted by examining his/her teeth and taking a simple X-ray of the mouth. An X-ray can show whether his/her teeth are impacted and if other teeth or bones are harmed.
After this, the dental specialist will discuss the benefits and risks of surgery of impacted wisdom teeth with his patient.
If impacted wisdom teeth cause symptoms or dental problems, dental specialist may suggest bringing them out.
Medical procedure to evacuate wisdom teeth is generally an outpatient technique. You can return home that day.
A dental practitioner or oral specialist plays out the activity, which is known as wisdom tooth extraction.
As a feature of the technique, dentist may utilize sedative medications to incite a sort of anesthesia, for example,
Local anesthesia to numb the mouth
Sedation anesthesia to loosen up you and block pain
General anesthesia to make a patient in resting position and not feel anything during the system
During the procedure, the surgeon will make a cut in the gums and take out problematic bone before removing the tooth. They’ll close the incision with stitches and pack the space with gauze.
The whole medical procedure more often than not takes around 30 to an hour.
On the off chance that your teeth are completely impacted and covered profound inside the gums or jawbone, it may be more diligently for the dental specialist to evacuate them than if they've gotten through the gum.
Tips for staying comfortable during the surgical procedure:
Get advantage of Oral Sedation or Laughing Gas ( N2O ) or both
Bring a blanket.
Bring a companion that has had the strategy done previously.
Wear agreeable, free dress with layers.
Get ear earphones that disconnect outside clamors.
Recovering from wisdom tooth extraction after surgical procedure:
Wisdom tooth extractions may cause some pain and bleeding, just as swelling of the site or jaw. Incidentally, a few people experience difficulty opening their mouth wide because of swelling of the jaw muscles.
A patient will receive instructions for caring for wounds and for managing pain and swelling; like taking pain medication and using cold packs to reduce swelling.
Typically, the healing time requires only a few days. Take medication as prescribed by the dentist. Also, consider these proven tips:
You can massage with an ice pack gently on your cheek. Use it for a couple of minutes and repeat this process for the first day. Also, make sure you don’t wilfully or accidentally bite the inner area of your lips or cheek
Consume for the first few days soft and liquid type foods like soups, smoothies, gelatine, mashed items, and puddings. You can in time consider solid foods in your daily intake as your recovery improves
Also, don’t lie down flat, as it could lead to bleeding. Consider using a couple of pillows to increase the height of your head
Take adequate rest after surgery. Don’t perform any heavy physical activity or exercise as it could cause bleeding
Some people may experience:
Painful dry socket or exposure of bone if the post-surgical blood clot is lost from the attachment.
Infection in the socket from bacteria or caught nourishment particles.
Harm to close-by teeth, nerves, jawbone or sinuses.
The vast majority can return to their regular activities in a couple of days after medical procedure. It takes up to about a month and a half for the mouth to totally heal.
A patient most likely won't have the capacity to open his/her mouth regularly for about seven days, so they have to eat soft foods.
Contact our caring team at Spinel Dental Clinic to arrange an assessment for you or a member of your family regarding wisdom tooth extraction in Hamilton area.
Read more about Our Wisdom Teeth Removal service.